Technological tests were carried out and a waste-free technology for processing coal sludge and waste tailings of coal preparation plants was developed. As a result of R&D the level of development of coal preparation in Russia and foreign countries was assessed. Substantial composition of samples of overlying tailings of coal preparation plants was studied. Technological tests were carried out, on the basis of which an ecologically clean, waste-free technology of enrichment of waste tailings with application of screw separators as the main enrichment equipment was developed. The possibility of obtaining high-quality secondary fuel with the Ad index less than 20 %; iron-containing concentrate with the mass fraction of iron not less than 62 %, which can be suitable for application in metallurgical industry or can be used in heavy-medium separation for coal preparation, has been shown. The tailings can be used as sand for construction works.